عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the most significant realms of creation and the broadest determinations of the universe is the realm of intelligence or the world of spirits. Due to its special degree of incorporeality, understanding this realm is not quite possible for ordinary minds whose ideal incorporeality has not yet attained perfection. It requires a particular scientific and practical wayfaring. Attainment to this realm has been a topic of discussion in philosophical and mystical texts of Muslim scholars. Philosophical analyses based on Peripatetic philosophy and the philosophy of Illumination have not been particularly precise in this regard, and are subject to criticism in transcendent philosophy. Transcendent philosophy defines the attainment to the realm of intelligence by elaborating the substantial motion of the soul and its existential transformation until reaching the perceiving active intellect, uniting with it as well as the other levels of intellect in the hierarchical order and being inclusive of the subordinate levels. In Islamic mysticism too, the soul embarks on a spiritual journey towards God, progressively assuming various states and shedding the confines of restrictions and regulations acquired in compound ascension (Mīʿrāj-i Tarkībī) along the way. It, then, proceeds towards its simplicity and totality until it unites with all intellects and holy souls. Both of these analyses have a single essence and it could be concluded that the meaning of attainment to the world of spirits the mystic has arrived at through spiritual experiences, is presented in a demonstrative manner in transcendent philosophy.