نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکترای حکمت متعالیه موسسه آموزشی و پژوهشی امام خمینی
2 دانشیار و عضو هیئت علمی موسسه امام خمینی
عنوان مقاله [English]
As per the causal necessity rule, Muslim philosophers are of the view that every human voluntary act does not happen unless it reaches the point of necessity. Some scholars, however, go to hold that the necessity of an act is incompatible with free will; resorting to human free will as self-evident, they denied the necessity within human voluntary act and its principles. In their view and in order to embrace true free will, one should separate the causal necessity rule from the analysis of principles of voluntary act. Prior to every phase of the process of voluntary act, every man is to be regarded thoroughly free in both doing the very act and how to do it.
From one side, one cannot deny the role and significance of free will in the philosophical analysis of human behavior in humanities and social studies, and from another side, we might not be disregarded causality and causal necessity as the important and close to self-evident issue of philosophy. Accordingly, in their paper, the authors have tried to look into whether free will is compatible with causal necessity from a new angle and to prove that they are not incompatible.
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