عنوان مقاله [English]
It can be inferred from some of Mulla Sadra’s phrases that mental existence is the very conceivable form created by the mind, as he argued. In some of his other phrases, however, Mulla Sadra holds that mental existence belongs to a stage of the hierarchy of being of things. Nonetheless, there are other phrases narrated from him suggesting that mental existence is both the conceivable form created by the mind and of a stage of the hierarchy of being.
A precise examination of the issue yields the upshot that it cannot be both because they are inconsistent.
Apart from Mulla Sadra’s phrases, there are four possible views about the arguments for mental existence studied here separately. The middle term of some of those arguments are no more recognized than the desired claim and thus they fail, unless somebody claims that those arguments are in the position to prove a dichotomy between the mind and outside or to refute the theory of “relation” (izafah). Some of those arguments stand on invalid presuppositions, too.