نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه فلسفه دانشگاه قم
2 دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه دانشگاه قم
عنوان مقاله [English]
The belief in Hyle as a substance of no actuality but pure potentia has been one of the controversial issues of philosophy since Aristotle. From among Muslim philosophers, the Peripatetics have embraced it and added to the arguments for it. Some philosophers, however, considered those arguments invalid, because essentially the very concept of a substance of no actuality at all is absurd. Stoics, Suhrawardi the Master of Illumination, Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, Khwaja Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, Hakim Ilahi Qomsheii, Shahid Mutahhari, Shahid Sayyid Mustafa Khomeini, Ayatullah Misbah Yazdi, and Ayatullah Fayyazi are among those who have denied the existence of Hyle.
In his Risaltun Fi Nafye al-Hayula (A Treatise on the Rejection of Hyle), Sayyid Majid Hosseini Kashani, a philosopher of 12th century A. H., has proposed the arguments for Hyle and then went on to reject them all. He has also specified a part of his treatise to constitute a proof to totally deny the existence of Hyle.
In this essay, the authors have corrected and researched the text of the mentioned manuscript providing it with comments in the margin .