نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عضو هیئت علمی موسسه آموزشی و پژوهشی امام خمینی ره
عنوان مقاله [English]
Muslim scholars are almost unanimous on the existence of innate knowledge of God, but they however differ firstly on determining the meaning of innate and knowledge, secondly on locating the meaning of innate acquired knowledge once it is proved that there exists innate acquired knowledge about God and thirdly on how it can be proved that the knowledge about God is innate. To prove that the knowledge about God is innate one usually takes recourse to intuition, revelation or induction. To prove that the knowledge about God is innate this study determines the meaning intended from 'innate', explains kinds of innate ideas, meaning of innate presentational knowledge and the various meanings of innate acquired knowledge. It aims to prove the following: 1) There exist only two arguments for innate knowledge about God 2) These two arguments only prove the existence of innate presentational knowledge about God 3) There exists no rational argument to the effect that there is innate acquired knowledge about God. Covenant verse does not imply that there exists innate acquired knowledge about God. Intuition and historical induction are useful tools for proving acquired knowledge about God, but the first methodology is not always common whereas the second does not produce certainty. They are however of use for verifying other arguments or convincing on certain occasions.