نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار و عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه ملایر
عنوان مقاله [English]
It is a well-known fact that the main pillar in Islamic philosophy is proof or syllogistic reasoning and that intuition does not have any place in this science, except in so far as it provides premises or verifications. This study demonstrates that intuition plays a crucial role not only in initiating philosophy (through proving its axioms) and some of its problems such as immateriality of knowledge, immateriality of soul (in the argument from open air), existence of knowledge and its kinds (knowledge by acquisition and knowledge by presence), validity of some premises of priority of existence and validity of sensual perception but also in all kinds of syllogistic arguments. In other words, there is no philosophical problem that does not directly or indirectly end up in intuition. Thus direct or indirect intuition validates all philosophical claims and reasoning. If there is not intuition there will be no room for proof.