نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشیار و عضو هیئت علمی پژوهشگاه فرهنگ و اندیشه اسلامی
عنوان مقاله [English]
In "network realism", the world of what there is is stratified. The worlds of matter, mind, Imagination, Intellect, and Divinity are in in conformity with one another. Beings in the material world have a higher existence in those worlds. Knowing them is always "window-like". Mental knowledge of things with quiddity is realistic, but of those with no quiddity is unrealistic, illusory, untrue, and apparition. Sensible perceptions, intuitions, self-evident conceptual knowledge, and the speculative knowledge we can directly trace back to the self-evident one are all true and realistic. Nonetheless, the speculative knowledge that we cannot directly traced back to the self-evident one is untrue and illusory; it expresses a mere "apparition" of reality. Accordingly, compiled sciences, being speculative knowledge that we cannot directly traced back to the self-evident one, depend on language, are aligned with conceptual and mentally-constructed knowledge and only show an apparition of reality; in general, they are semi-realistic, "similar to reality" or "closer to reality".
The errors of "networked realism" are rooted in: the confusion between knowing the worlds and knowing the stratified different realties of the material world, the belief that induction does not produce knowledge for they missed to spot the induction based on essential characteristics of things, the belief that the knowledge of things with quiddity is realistic and that of those without quiddity is unrealistic, and that they assume perceptions that depend on language and lingual and conceptual considerations illusory and untrue.