عنوان مقاله [English]
Historicist approach towards Islamic tradition is a fresh approach in the Islamic world that has been focused on in recent centuries by some thinkers and intellectual trends. Among others, the Neo-Mu'atazilites especially Muhammad Abid al-Jabiri and Muhammad Arkoun have strongly stuck to this approach applying it to assessing Islamic heritage. Using this approach, they aim at presenting a new version of Islam, a version that considers many of the juristic and ideological issues of Islam as historical issues confined thus to the time of revelation. They do not accept that Islamic doctrines are universal including all times and places. This is because they believe that the belief in the universality of Islamic teachings leads eventually to an ideological understanding of Islam which is in turn deemed as the main factor behind the decline of Muslims. Putting aside the classic approach, they followed neo-historicism supported among others by Annal school in France. It has to be however admitted that both Jabiri and Arkoun were under the influence of Western post-modern thinkers, especially French philosophers. They have tried to apply their theory in a literal way to Islamic intellectual climate. This is while some believe that Islamic and Western epistemic domains are fundamentally different from each other. Thus one cannot subscribe the same prescription for both. This article studies how Jabiri and Arkoun apply neo-historicism to Islamic thoughts. It also compares it with its rivals so as to help readers reach a conclusion by themselves.
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