عنوان مقاله [English]
The author tries to present the theory of conventionality advocated by thinkers like Muhaqqiq Iraqi and Allama Tabatabaei in a way that leads to a social theory capable of ontologically explaining human behaviors whether individual or social. The article however gives more attention to the social aspect of the theory. We cannot attain this goal unless we are familiar with the classifications made by philosophers. The familiarity with this classification helps us determine which category the social phenomena belong to. According to Iraqi when we consider the concepts of 'seller' and 'buyer' an objective instance of a considered identity (for example ownership) emerges which enable us to derive from them the concept of ownership. This newly obtained considered identity is the social reality of buying and selling which arise from a social act. Making a philosophical investigation about the foundations of consideration, Allama Tabatabaei creates a link between consideration and human will shedding thus light on the psychological elements of consideration and the methodology of making a research on considered things. Such inquiries by Allama bring to light his theory concerning social facts and the theories presented by usuli scholars like Muhaqqiq Iraqi.