عنوان مقاله [English]
According to philosophers every creatable is based on a potential and a matter that carries it. Based on this law, they hold that creation ex nihilo is impossible and thus they assume that what Allah can do is much less than what theologians (deniers of the said law) believe. This law is thus of crucial importance in understanding theological matters including the way Allah created things. After explaining the content of this law, the author studies the main argument Avicenna and others present to prove it. He shows how the argument is fallacious. He also critically assesses the supplementary argument presented by Khawja Nasir al-Din Tusi. In the end, he presents a new argument on the basis of the principles of transcendental theosophy to prove the said law.