عنوان مقاله [English]
From among divine attributes, Allah's knowledge is a problematic one dealt with by the philosophers. According to his special system of Illumination, Suhrawardi has analyzed divine knowledge explaining that it is an intuition. His analysis is to be studied in two phases: one in Allah's knowledge of His Holy Essence and the other in His knowledge of things.
In the station of act, Suhrawardi argues, Allah knows things intuitively and in full details through an illuminative attribution. This idea is his philosophical innovation. However, he has not claimed that His knowledge of things in His Essence is detailed, rather -as Mulla Sadra supposed- he denied it. Mulla Sadra and his followers including Allamah Tabatabaii have dealt with divine knowledge in three areas: Allah's knowledge of His Holy Essence, His knowledge of things in the station of His Essence, His knowledge of things in the station of act.
In all above three areas, Allamah Tabatabaii holds, divine knowledge is an intuition. Suhrawardi shares the first and third areas with the people of transcendent theosophy, but differs from them in his failure of considering divine knowledge of things in the station of Holy Essence. In transcendent theosophy, divine knowledge of things in the station of Holy Essence is synoptic and at the same time detailed. What is certain is that Suhrawardi has not dealt with it.
In his essay here, the author has studied Suhrawardi's viewpoint and compared it rationally to Mulla Sadra's as per Allamah Tabatabaii 's account.