نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجو سطح چهار مرکز تخصصی فلسفه اسلامی (نویسنده مسئول)
2 استاد و عضو هیئت علمی موسسه آموزشی و پژوهشی امام خمینی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Every contingent thing is in need of a cause in order to bring it into being. For the epistemological importance of this proposition recently, this essay goes to study one current method of its explanation, i.e. to infer causality from the none-contradiction principle. One might, accordingly, say that it would imply contradiction in the very essence of a contingent thing were it to come into being without a cause. Thus the principle of causality is always true and valid.
Having examined the philosophical premises and their conclusions here, the authors have denied the inferring of causality from the none-contradiction principle. They have concluded that the coming into being of a contingent thing without a cause leads to contradiction, yet this contradiction stems from the very principle of causality. Rather, one might say that our knowledge of the absurdity of contradiction is a prerequisite of inferring the falsity of contradictory principle of causality from non-contradiction, nonetheless epistemologically the causality principle is prior to the principle of non-contradiction. Thus, the none-contradiction principle might not be reckoned as the prime origin and primary principle of all a priori premises for all self-evident judgments. In general, one cannot demonstrate the principle of causality, nor can he deny it; rather, one might only draw the attention to the fact that it is self-evident.
36 .Hume, David (1896). A Treatise of human nature. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
37. Quentin, Smith (1988). The uncaused beginning of the universe. Philosophy of Science 55 (1). p 39-57.